## A Fairly Fast Fibonacci Function

A common example of recursion is the function to calculate the \(n\)-th Fibonacci number:
def naive_fib(n):
if n < 2:
return n
else:
return naive_fib(n-1) + naive_fib(n-2)
This follows the mathematical definition very closely but itâ€™s performance is terrible: roughly \(\mathcal{O}(2^n)\). This is commonly patched up with dynamic programming. Specifically, either the memoization:
from functools import lru_cache
@lru_cache(100)
def memoized_fib(n):
if n < 2:
return n
else:
return memoized_fib(n-1) + memoized_fib(n-2)
or tabulation: